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Substances used in the composition of lotions and powders for manicures and their impact on health

How does prolonged contact with substances found in manicure products take affect?

The following list with a detailed description of the chemicals used in manicures will be gradually supplemented.



Acetone (Aceton) in manicure - how it works and the effect it has on the body

In manicure it is used as a nail polish remover. Acetone is an organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C3H6O. It is a popular solvent that deals with such substances as varnishes, fats, oils and most soft plastics. In a beauty salon, it is used to remove hybrid, acrylic and titanium manicures.

Acetone is naturally formed in the body and remains harmless if we do not starve ourselves, exercise very intensively, eat a high-fat diet or do not control diabetes well. It is very easily absorbed through ingestion, inhalation or skin contact. It is completely eliminated from the body after about 1 day.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Eye and nose irritation.
  • Mood swings.
  • Nausea.
  • At high doses, slow motion and drowsiness.

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Respiratory irritation
  • Headaches
  • dizziness
  • Weakness

Source: des.nh.gov, sentryair.com/blog/, sentryair.com/activated-carbon-adsorption.htm

Activated carbon filter cartridges that we use in our production of desks and manicure tables have a high acetone absorption capacity and over 99% efficiency confirmed experimentally.


Acetonitrile (Acetonitryl) in manicure - how it works and the effect it has on the body

Acetonitrile also known as cyanomethane, ethyl nitrile, ethanenitrile, methanecarbonitrile, acetronitrile cluster and methyl cyanide in manicure is used as an adhesive remover (base) used in acrylic and titanium manicure. It is highly toxic and should be avoided if possible. Acetone should be used instead.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Acetonitrile when inhaled has an irritating effect on eyes, nos-e, throat and lungs.
  • Ingestion of acetonitrile can cause fatal effects as a result of the transformation into toxic cyanide in the body.
  • Symptoms of poisoning include skin redness, dilated pupils, headache, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, weakness, lower jaw stiffness, fear, chest pain and pressure, rapid breathing and pulse, irregular heartbeat, short breathing, convulsions, loss of consciousness and eventually death.
  • In case of poisoning, immediately inform the ambulance about the consumption of this substance.

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Thyroid enlargement
  • Dermatitis (eczema)
  • Fetal defects in animals, no information about effects on humans but pregnant women should avoid contact with the substance.
  • Eye contact - flush eyes with plenty of water, occasionally lifting the lower and upper eyelids. If possible, remove contact lenses.
  • Skin contact - wash with plenty of soap and water. If clothes have been contaminated, they should be removed and if necessary cut. Do not remove over the head. Pack contaminated clothing in a double plastic bag.
  • Inhalation of vapors - leave the contaminated area immediately.
  • Artificial respiration may be necessary if you stop breathing.
  • Do not use the mouth-to-mouth method to avoid contamination of the rescuer.

Source: michigan.gov, sciencelab.com, Przypadek śmiertelnego zatrucia acetonitrylem

Acetonitrile is well captured by the inlays used in Manicure Systems desks and tables. If a smell escapes, ventilate well and replace the element with a new one.


Ethyl acetate (Octan Etylu) in manicure - how it works and the effect it has on the body

Ethyl acetate in manicure is used as a solvent and thinner in nail polish. It helps manufacturers of varnishes and auxiliary substances such as bases and activators regulate product density depending on the amount added to the solution. It naturally occurs in nature in young wine, sour fruit and fermentation products. It occurs naturally in many organisms and is generally concidered safe.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Eye irritation
  • Skin irritation
  • Nose and throat irritation
  • High concentration can make you feel faint

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Disorders in coordination of movements
  • Accelerated and irregular breathing
  • Changes in perception of odors
  • Lung changes at very high concentrations
  • Temporary corneal opacity of the eye

Source: pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/ethyl_acetate, cdc.gov/niosh/idlh/141786.html

Manicure Systems tables and cosmetic desks have a very high absorption capacity for ethyl acetate.


Butyrolactone (Butyrolacton) in manicure - how it works and the effect it has on the body

Butyrolactone (Butyrolacton) is used as a thinner and cleaner in acrylic and titanium manicure with a slightly oily consistency. Used in cleaners to be acetone substitutes. Reduces skin dryness compared to washing with acetone. Varied gamma-butyrolactone is known to be used as rape droplets and as an ingredient in so-called afterburners. Ingestion may lead to narcosis or death, depending on the dose.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Eye irritation
  • Skin irritation
  • Breathing disorders at high concentration
  • Psychoactive substance

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Eye irritation
  • Skin irritation
  • Respiratory irritation
  • A psychoactive substance that can cause addiction

Source: http://www.who.int/medicines/areas/quality_safety/4_3_Review.pdf, sciencelab.com/msds.php?msdsId=9925721, inchem.org/documents/icsc/icsc/eics1020.htm

As an organic compound, the vapors from this substance assume that they are absorbed by activated carbon used in Manicure Systems filters. However, there are no documented tests, hence caution with this chemical is recommended


Butyl acetate (Octan butylu) in manicure - how it works and the effect it has on the body

In manicure it is used as a solvent and thinner to facilitate spreading in nail polish.
Quickly evaporates after application to the nail plate. Also used in nail polish removers.
It has a strong allergenic effect. Dangerous for pregnant women. Toxic to the respiratory tract and mucous membranes

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Very dangerous if swallowed.
  • Irritating to skin
  • Irritating to eyes

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Toxic to lungs, nervous system and mucous membranes.
  • Causes damage to organs exposed for long periods of time.

First aid:

  • Contact with eyes:
  • Remove contact lenses immediately if used. Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Cold water can be used. Contact a physician.
  • Skin contact:
  • Rinse immediately with plenty of water. Cover irritated skin with a moisturizing cream. Take off contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash and clean before putting it on again.
  • Contact with skin over a large area:
  • Wash with disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with antibacterial cream. Seek immediate medical attention.
  • >Inhaling:
  • If the vapors have been drawn into the lungs, immediately go to fresh air. If weak or without breath give oxygen and apply artificial respiration. Seek immediate medical attention.

Remedies.

  • Avoid breathing vapors. Protective goggles recommended. Use masks or absorbers with a carbon filter.

Żródła:
http://wizaz.pl/kosmetyki/skladnik,462393,butyl-acetate.html
http://www.sciencelab.com/msds.php?msdsId=9927114



Ethyl methacrylate (EMA) (Metakrylan etylu) in manicure - how it works and the effect it has on the body



Used as an ingredient in the preparation of a mixture in a gel manicure.
Chemically, it is classified as a monomer, that is, plastic in liquid form that is yet to undergo polymerization and take its final shape.
Generally, monomers are very reactive particles and react on contact with the skin causing sensitization very quickly.
Therefore, it is important to avoid as much as possible applying to the nail shaft.
After polymerization or hardening, the substance becomes chemically inert and does not sensitize anymore.
It is important that the whole agent polymerizes. In gel nails it is mixed with acrylic powder, which is finely ground "Plexiglas" which is chemically inert.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Exposure to ethyl methacrylate vapors may cause drowsiness, lethargy, headache, nausea, respiratory and digestive tract irritation.
  • Animal tests show that the vapors have moderate inhalation toxicity and high dermal toxicity.

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • There are no clinically confirmed long-term health effects on humans.
  • Mucosal lesions, minor liver and lung lesions, and enlarged kidneys have been observed in animals exposed to long-term vapor exposure.

Remedies.

  • Avoid contact with skin, inhale vapors and swallowing.
  • In manicure, we can protect ourselves against the influence of this factor by using disposable gloves and a mask or absorber with a carbon filter.
  • Activated carbon used in Manicure Systems absorbers, according to the table, perfectly absorbs ethyl methacrylate vapors.


Sources:

https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2016-09/documents/ethyl-acrylate.pdf

https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/99-112/pdfs/99-112.pdf



Methyl methacrylate (MMA) (Metakrylan Metylu) in manicure - how it works and the effect it has on the body



Formally used until 1974 as an ingredient in the preparation of a mixture in gel manicure.
Chemically, it is classified as a monomer, that is, plastic in liquid form that is yet to undergo polymerization and take its final shape.
Generally, monomers are very reactive particles and react on contact with the skin causing sensitization very quickly.
Therefore, it is important to avoid as much as possible applying to the nail shaft.
MMA is banned in the USA for use in beauty salons due to its harmfulness.
Avoid buying monomers from unknown sources despite the attractive price as they probably contain this agent.
Ethyl metacrylate (EMA) should be used instead for gel nails.
MMA requires a much rougher surface to stick, and to achieve this, you typically chip off a lot more than when using EMA.
This significantly weakens the nail and can cause complete destruction of the nail plate as MMA cannot be removed as easily and completely as EMA.
MMA sticks to the nail plate so much that it can break the nail from the finger in case of mechanical damage (e.g. impact).
EMA for comparison binds to the nail plate less strongly and falls off from the plate rather than tear it out.
We can recognize whether it was used as MMA fluid when soaked and still sticky.
Comparing EMA after soaking, it is very easy to remove with a spatula and after 2-3 repetitions we have a clean undamaged plate.
Despite the ban on the use of this agent in manicures, it is often found in no-name products as the wholesale price of this monomer is about 5 times lower than the authorized EMA.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • MMA is irritating to skin, eyes and mucous membranes in humans.
  • Causes allergies on skin contact. Symptoms after inhalation of vapors may be chest tightness, shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing and reduced lung volume.
  • Neurological symptoms include headache, lethargy, dizziness and feeling of heaviness in the limbs, weakness of smell. Lung damage and edema.
  • Ingestion may cause liver damage.
  • Animal testing allows the substance to be classified as low-toxic if it was exposed to vapors and ingested accordingly.

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Problems with the nose and respiratory tract. Impaired lung function has been reported by employees who have continuous contact with the substance.
  • In one experiment it was shown that high doses of MMA can cause problems with the circulatory system.
  • Prolonged exposure to high levels of the substance caused degeneration and necrotic changes in organs such as liver, kidneys, brain, spleen, bone marrow and reduced weight, apathy, extreme exhaustion, tearing and runny nose in animals.

Remedies.


Despite the ban, MMA is still offered despite the ban by dishonest producers.
It can be as a pure agent and as a mixture with less harmful EMA. If the price is too good to be true, it means that much cheaper but also very harmful MMA was used.
To be fully protected against the possibility of using this agent, we should always use gloves and a mask or a table with a carbon filter.
How to distinguish whether the manufacturer used Methyl Methacrylate is to read the composition and how this agent reacts to acetone during withdrawal.
The comparison can be seen on this video https://youtu.be/g9rZvfJXZjE
Dust and odor filters used in Manicure Systems desks and tables are very good at capturing methyl methacrylate fumes



Links:

http://yadda.icm.edu.pl/baztech/element...

https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2016-09/documents/methyl-methacrylate.pdf

https://www.beautytech.info/Q2A/index.php?qa=22&qa_1=what-is-mma-is-it-bad-how-do-know-if-my-nail-technician-uses-mma

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2909292/How-safe-manicure-budget-nail-salons-using-substance-strong-s-BANNED-US.html


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