Stolik do manicure
  • »
  • Resources used in the composition of lotions and powders for manicures and their impact on health

Substances used in the composition of lotions and powders for manicures and their impact on health

How does prolonged contact with substances found in manicure products take affect?

The following list with a detailed description of the chemicals used in manicures will be gradually supplemented.



Acetone (Aceton) in manicure - how it works and the effect it has on the body

In manicure it is used as a nail polish remover. Acetone is an organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C3H6O. It is a popular solvent that deals with such substances as varnishes, fats, oils and most soft plastics. In a beauty salon, it is used to remove hybrid, acrylic and titanium manicures.

Acetone is naturally formed in the body and remains harmless if we do not starve ourselves, exercise very intensively, eat a high-fat diet or do not control diabetes well. It is very easily absorbed through ingestion, inhalation or skin contact. It is completely eliminated from the body after about 1 day.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Eye and nose irritation.
  • Mood swings.
  • Nausea.
  • At high doses, slow motion and drowsiness.

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Respiratory irritation
  • Headaches
  • dizziness
  • Weakness

Source: des.nh.gov, sentryair.com/blog/, sentryair.com/activated-carbon-adsorption.htm

Activated carbon filter cartridges that we use in our production of desks and manicure tables have a high acetone absorption capacity and over 99% efficiency confirmed experimentally.




Acetonitrile (Acetonitryl) in manicure - how it works and the effect it has on the body

Acetonitrile also known as cyanomethane, ethyl nitrile, ethanenitrile, methanecarbonitrile, acetronitrile cluster and methyl cyanide in manicure is used as an adhesive remover (base) used in acrylic and titanium manicure. It is highly toxic and should be avoided if possible. Acetone should be used instead.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Acetonitrile when inhaled has an irritating effect on eyes, nos-e, throat and lungs.
  • Ingestion of acetonitrile can cause fatal effects as a result of the transformation into toxic cyanide in the body.
  • Symptoms of poisoning include skin redness, dilated pupils, headache, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, weakness, lower jaw stiffness, fear, chest pain and pressure, rapid breathing and pulse, irregular heartbeat, short breathing, convulsions, loss of consciousness and eventually death.
  • In case of poisoning, immediately inform the ambulance about the consumption of this substance.

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Thyroid enlargement
  • Dermatitis (eczema)
  • Fetal defects in animals, no information about effects on humans but pregnant women should avoid contact with the substance.
  • Eye contact - flush eyes with plenty of water, occasionally lifting the lower and upper eyelids. If possible, remove contact lenses.
  • Skin contact - wash with plenty of soap and water. If clothes have been contaminated, they should be removed and if necessary cut. Do not remove over the head. Pack contaminated clothing in a double plastic bag.
  • Inhalation of vapors - leave the contaminated area immediately.
  • Artificial respiration may be necessary if you stop breathing.
  • Do not use the mouth-to-mouth method to avoid contamination of the rescuer.

Source: michigan.gov, sciencelab.com, Przypadek śmiertelnego zatrucia acetonitrylem

Acetonitrile is well captured by the inlays used in Manicure Systems desks and tables. If a smell escapes, ventilate well and replace the element with a new one.




Ethyl acetate (Octan Etylu) in manicure - how it works and the effect it has on the body

Ethyl acetate in manicure is used as a solvent and thinner in nail polish. It helps manufacturers of varnishes and auxiliary substances such as bases and activators regulate product density depending on the amount added to the solution. It naturally occurs in nature in young wine, sour fruit and fermentation products. It occurs naturally in many organisms and is generally concidered safe.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Eye irritation
  • Skin irritation
  • Nose and throat irritation
  • High concentration can make you feel faint

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Disorders in coordination of movements
  • Accelerated and irregular breathing
  • Changes in perception of odors
  • Lung changes at very high concentrations
  • Temporary corneal opacity of the eye

Source: pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/ethyl_acetate, cdc.gov/niosh/idlh/141786.html

Manicure Systems tables and cosmetic desks have a very high absorption capacity for ethyl acetate.




Butyrolactone (Butyrolacton) in manicure - how it works and the effect it has on the body

Butyrolactone (Butyrolacton) is used as a thinner and cleaner in acrylic and titanium manicure with a slightly oily consistency. Used in cleaners to be acetone substitutes. Reduces skin dryness compared to washing with acetone. Varied gamma-butyrolactone is known to be used as rape droplets and as an ingredient in so-called afterburners. Ingestion may lead to narcosis or death, depending on the dose.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Eye irritation
  • Skin irritation
  • Breathing disorders at high concentration
  • Psychoactive substance

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Eye irritation
  • Skin irritation
  • Respiratory irritation
  • A psychoactive substance that can cause addiction

Source: http://www.who.int/medicines/areas/quality_safety/4_3_Review.pdf, sciencelab.com/msds.php?msdsId=9925721, inchem.org/documents/icsc/icsc/eics1020.htm

As an organic compound, the vapors from this substance assume that they are absorbed by activated carbon used in Manicure Systems filters. However, there are no documented tests, hence caution with this chemical is recommended




Butyl acetate (Octan butylu) in manicure - how it works and the effect it has on the body

In manicure it is used as a solvent and thinner to facilitate spreading in nail polish.
Quickly evaporates after application to the nail plate. Also used in nail polish removers.
It has a strong allergenic effect. Dangerous for pregnant women. Toxic to the respiratory tract and mucous membranes

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Very dangerous if swallowed.
  • Irritating to skin
  • Irritating to eyes

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Toxic to lungs, nervous system and mucous membranes.
  • Causes damage to organs exposed for long periods of time.

First aid:

  • Contact with eyes:
  • Remove contact lenses immediately if used. Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Cold water can be used. Contact a physician.
  • Skin contact:
  • Rinse immediately with plenty of water. Cover irritated skin with a moisturizing cream. Take off contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash and clean before putting it on again.
  • Contact with skin over a large area:
  • Wash with disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with antibacterial cream. Seek immediate medical attention.
  • Inhaling:
  • If the vapors have been drawn into the lungs, immediately go to fresh air. If weak or without breath give oxygen and apply artificial respiration. Seek immediate medical attention.

Remedies.

  • Avoid breathing vapors. Protective goggles recommended. Use masks or absorbers with a carbon filter.


Sources:

http://wizaz.pl/kosmetyki/skladnik,462393,butyl-acetate.html
http://www.sciencelab.com/msds.php?msdsId=9927114




Ethyl methacrylate (EMA) (Metakrylan etylu) in manicure - how it works and the effect it has on the body



Used as an ingredient in the preparation of a mixture in a gel manicure.
Chemically, it is classified as a monomer, that is, plastic in liquid form that is yet to undergo polymerization and take its final shape.
Generally, monomers are very reactive particles and react on contact with the skin causing sensitization very quickly.
Therefore, it is important to avoid as much as possible applying to the nail shaft.
After polymerization or hardening, the substance becomes chemically inert and does not sensitize anymore.
It is important that the whole agent polymerizes. In gel nails it is mixed with acrylic powder, which is finely ground "Plexiglas" which is chemically inert.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Exposure to ethyl methacrylate vapors may cause drowsiness, lethargy, headache, nausea, respiratory and digestive tract irritation.
  • Animal tests show that the vapors have moderate inhalation toxicity and high dermal toxicity.

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • There are no clinically confirmed long-term health effects on humans.
  • Mucosal lesions, minor liver and lung lesions, and enlarged kidneys have been observed in animals exposed to long-term vapor exposure.

Remedies.

  • Avoid contact with skin, inhale vapors and swallowing.
  • In manicure, we can protect ourselves against the influence of this factor by using disposable gloves and a mask or absorber with a carbon filter.
  • Activated carbon used in Manicure Systems absorbers, according to the table, perfectly absorbs ethyl methacrylate vapors.


Sources:

https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2016-09/documents/ethyl-acrylate.pdf

https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/99-112/pdfs/99-112.pdf




Methyl methacrylate (MMA) (Metakrylan Metylu) in manicure - how it works and the effect it has on the body



Formally used until 1974 as an ingredient in the preparation of a mixture in gel manicure.
Chemically, it is classified as a monomer, that is, plastic in liquid form that is yet to undergo polymerization and take its final shape.
Generally, monomers are very reactive particles and react on contact with the skin causing sensitization very quickly.
Therefore, it is important to avoid as much as possible applying to the nail shaft.
MMA is banned in the USA for use in beauty salons due to its harmfulness.
Avoid buying monomers from unknown sources despite the attractive price as they probably contain this agent.
Ethyl metacrylate (EMA) should be used instead for gel nails.
MMA requires a much rougher surface to stick, and to achieve this, you typically chip off a lot more than when using EMA.
This significantly weakens the nail and can cause complete destruction of the nail plate as MMA cannot be removed as easily and completely as EMA.
MMA sticks to the nail plate so much that it can break the nail from the finger in case of mechanical damage (e.g. impact).
EMA for comparison binds to the nail plate less strongly and falls off from the plate rather than tear it out.
We can recognize whether it was used as MMA fluid when soaked and still sticky.
Comparing EMA after soaking, it is very easy to remove with a spatula and after 2-3 repetitions we have a clean undamaged plate.
Despite the ban on the use of this agent in manicures, it is often found in no-name products as the wholesale price of this monomer is about 5 times lower than the authorized EMA.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • MMA is irritating to skin, eyes and mucous membranes in humans.
  • Causes allergies on skin contact. Symptoms after inhalation of vapors may be chest tightness, shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing and reduced lung volume.
  • Neurological symptoms include headache, lethargy, dizziness and feeling of heaviness in the limbs, weakness of smell. Lung damage and edema.
  • Ingestion may cause liver damage.
  • Animal testing allows the substance to be classified as low-toxic if it was exposed to vapors and ingested accordingly.

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Problems with the nose and respiratory tract. Impaired lung function has been reported by employees who have continuous contact with the substance.
  • In one experiment it was shown that high doses of MMA can cause problems with the circulatory system.
  • Prolonged exposure to high levels of the substance caused degeneration and necrotic changes in organs such as liver, kidneys, brain, spleen, bone marrow and reduced weight, apathy, extreme exhaustion, tearing and runny nose in animals.

Remedies.


Despite the ban, MMA is still offered despite the ban by dishonest producers.
It can be as a pure agent and as a mixture with less harmful EMA. If the price is too good to be true, it means that much cheaper but also very harmful MMA was used.
To be fully protected against the possibility of using this agent, we should always use gloves and a mask or a table with a carbon filter.
How to distinguish whether the manufacturer used Methyl Methacrylate is to read the composition and how this agent reacts to acetone during withdrawal.
The comparison can be seen on this video https://youtu.be/g9rZvfJXZjE
Dust and odor filters used in Manicure Systems desks and tables are very good at capturing methyl methacrylate fumes


Sources:

http://yadda.icm.edu.pl/baztech/element...

https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2016-09/documents/methyl-methacrylate.pdf

https://www.beautytech.info/Q2A/index.php?qa=22&qa_1=what-is-mma-is-it-bad-how-do-know-if-my-nail-technician-uses-mma

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2909292/How-safe-manicure-budget-nail-salons-using-substance-strong-s-BANNED-US.html



Acrylate Oligomer (Oligomer Urethane Acrylate) in manicure - action and effect on the body



Urethane Acrylate Oligomer is an organic compound, it belongs to the group of monomers. It is a basic ingredient in hybrid nail polishes and is used by most recognized brands. A liquid mixture, which is a hybrid varnish, containing this component, in combination with UV radiation creates a solid, uniform coating. Thanks to this component, the hybrid varnish that we apply to our nail plate "dries" and hardens under the influence of ultraviolet rays. It is worth adding that Urethane Acrylate Oligomer is also a component of many adhesives and sealants. Oligomers are highly reactive materials and contact with the skin should therefore be avoided as uncured monomer can penetrate the skin causing inflammation and, in the long term, allergy.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Causes irritation when in contact with the eye
  • May cause skin irritation, allergic conditions

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Mutagenicity, carcinogenicity
  • Chronic intoxication of the body
  • Breathing problems
  • Severe skin allergies and inflammation

Remedies.

Absorbers should be used in the office so that the least amount of harmful vapors can get into the respiratory tract of the client or beautician. It is important that there is good air ventilation in the living room. For your own safety, the beautician should use nitrile gloves and even a protective mask.

First Aid

In the event that the product gets into the eye, rinse immediately with plenty of water, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Remove contact lenses, if they are. Continue rinsing for at least 10 minutes. The victim should also seek medical advice. In the event of a very high concentration of the product in the air, the injured person should be evacuated to fresh air and the patency of the respiratory tract should be checked. If a person is not breathing, is breathing irregularly, or if breathing has stopped, qualified personnel should give artificial respiration or administer oxygen.


Sources:

https://dymax-oc.com/images/pdf/literature/papers/urethane_acrylate_oligomers_and_uv_eb_curing.pdf

https://americas.sartomer.com/en/UV-Cure-Resin/oligomers/urethane-acrylate-oligomers/

https://rdo.psu.ac.th/sjstweb/journal/33-2/0125-3395-33-2-201-207.pdf




Benzoyl Peroxide in manicure - action and effect on the body



Benzoyl peroxide is one of the ingredients of powders used in nail dip type manicure. It has disinfecting properties, thanks to which the repeated use of colored powders is completely safe and does not endanger the health of the client by killing all germs inside jar. It is worth mentioning that this ingredient is very often used in anti-acne preparations due to its disinfecting properties. It takes the form of a white powder with the scent of bitter almonds. Benzoyl peroxide, despite its very good disinfecting properties, also has many undesirable features when we are often exposed to its influence. This applies especially to the personnel performing manicure treatments when there is a possibility of inhaling the dust containing this substance.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • A substance that irritates the eyes,
  • It can irritate the throat, bronchi and lungs
  • In contact with the skin, it may cause an allergic reaction, irritation, redness,
  • Explosiveness, it is important not to use an open flame in the vicinity of the preparation, as well as be careful not to significantly heat the preparation containing the ingredient described

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Mutagenicity, carcinogenicity
  • Harmful effect on reproduction.

Remedies.

Use protective glasses. Avoid blowing devices , e.g. fans on the counter or next to the manicure table. Use dust collectors to prevent the product in the form of fine dust from floating and settling on the skin, increasing the risk of irritation. Avoid breathing dust containing this agent.


Sources:

http://www.poch.com.pl/1/wysw/msds_clp.php?A=5497e5ea52f421970001

http://www.akademia-piekna.com.pl/manicure-tytanowy

http://www.poch.com.pl/1/wysw/utworz_pdf.php?nr_karty=200




Calcium Pantothenate (Calcium Pantothenate) in manicure - action and effect on the body



Calcium Pantothenate is a common component of the base used in titanium manicure. It has healing, strengthening and nourishing properties. It improves the condition of the nail and accelerates its growth. Among other things, thanks to this component, we can say that nail dip manicure is strengthening, because it improves the quality of our nail plate. Calcium Pantothenate is a compound that is used to treat skin allergies. It is included especially in medical grade cosmetics intended for this type of skin. Despite there are many sensitizing ingredients in nail dip manicure fluids and powders, it is the combination of them with the described compound that reduces the likelihood of an allergy in the client. That is why nail dip manicure is considered safe even during pregnancy. It should also be noted that Calcium Pantothenate in cosmetics has antiseptic smoothing properties, and in shampoos it prevents static electricity and makes it easier to detangle. Perfectly moisturizes, prevents keratosis of the epidermis, heals irritations. As we can see, the described ingredient is widely used in cosmetics. Chemically, calcium pantothenate is the calcium salt of pantothenic acid.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Substance considered to be safe
  • Very rare cases of allergies

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • No scientific data on the use in manicure

Remedies.

Calcium Pantothenate is used as a base ingredient in nail dip manicure. Although the substance itself is not harmful to health, as a component of the base that contains many ingredients, for safety, the beautician should wear protective glasses and nitrile gloves. Be careful with vapors that can be very harmful, so it is recommended to use effective absorbers in a beauty salon. As can be seen, the described component is not considered dangerous, but in preparations for nail dip manicure it is present with other ingredients that have different properties and applications. Therefore, to fully protect yourself and the customer, you need to take countermeasures.

First Aid

When calcium pantothenate in the manicure base gets into the client's eye, rinse them under running water for 15 minutes, if the injured has contact lenses, remove them quickly and continue rinsing for 10 minutes. In the event of swallowing, rinse the mouth and drink plenty of water, do not induce vomiting.


Sources:

https://www.beautyever.pl/pl/p/D-PANTOTENIAN-WAPNIA-nawilzajacy-ratunek-bez-lepienia/150

https://wizaz.pl/kosmetyki/skladnik,463201,calcium-pantothenate.html

https://portal.abczdrowie.pl/calcium-pantothenicum-sklad-i-dzialanie

https://www.scbt.com/p/calcium-d--pantothenate-137-08-6

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Calcium-pantothenate

http://www.enzolifesciences.com/ALX-460-003/calcium-d-pantothenate/




Dimethyltolylamine (Dimethyltolylamine) in manicure - action and effect on the body



Dimethyltolylamine is one of the ingredients of the activator fluid used in nail dip manicure. It supports the drying and hardening process of the base layer previously applied to the nails together with the powder attached to it. It also speeds up the process of hardening the top layer in nail dipmanicure. In addition, it helps to reduce of unwanted defects such as manicure discoloration and yellowing. In What is Dimethyltolylamine? It is an polymerization activator from the methacrylic ester family. It is a material that polymerizes cold. What does it mean ? Polymerization is a reaction in which, thanks to the initiator, a molecules having low molecular weight, so-called monomers combine with each other to form large clusters of so-called polymers. As a result of this chemical reaction, we can observe how a solid is formed from a liquid substance. Adding the word "cold" means that it is not necessary to additionally heat the substrate to obtain the desired product. Dimethyltolylamine is mainly responsible for starting a polymerization, i.e. making our nails hard and in results the applied layers do not delaminate, but form a coherent plastic plate. Important in the polymerization is a product that will initiate reactions, that is, generate free radicals. In a nail dip manicure, such a substance is benzoyl peroxide. Dimethyltolylamine supports the action of Benzoid Peroxide and significantly speeds up polymerization in result the next layer of manicure can be applied within a minute or two instead of hours. It is important to follow the correct order in the application of individual products in the nail dip manicure. Incorrect application may cause the polymerization process to be incomplete , and this affects the end result and durability of the manicure. It should be noted that pure Dimethyltolylamine is a highly flammable. When stored in appropriate conditions, the risk of spontaneous combustion or explosion is mitigated.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Toxic by inhalation, skin contact and ingestion
  • Causes irritation when in contact with the eye
  • Causes skin irritation
  • Can cause skin allergies

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Mutagenicity, carcinogenicity
  • Chronic intoxication of the body
  • Breathing problems

Remedies.

Use specialized dust and fumes manicure collectors. Devices should contain activated carbon filter in form of thick layer of granules to fully remove hazardous fumes contain this ingredient.


Sources:

https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polimeryzacja

https://www.kobieta.pl/artykul/manicure-tytanowy-czym-sie-rozni-od-paznokci-zelowych-i-hybrydowych-jak-dlugo-wytrzymuje

https://www.dt-shop.com/fileadmin/media/sdb/70741_sdb_plk.pdf

https://www.cdhfinechemical.com/images/product/msds/37_1250649249_N,N-Dimethyl-p-Toluidine-CASNO-99-97-8-MSDS.pdf

https://polymerdatabase.com/polymer%20chemistry/Diaroyl%20Peroxides.html

https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/Graphics/COfAInfo/SigmaSAPQM/SPEC/40/409928/409928-BULK_______ALDRICH__.pdf




Ethyl Cyanoacrylate (Ethyl Cyanoacrylate) in manicure - action and effect on the body



Ethyl Cyanoacrylate is a colorless liquid with an irritating, sweet odor. Ethyl Cyanoacrylate is the main ingredient in instant adhesives such as Super Glue or Droplet. In nail dip manicure, it is an ingredient of the base and top. It acts as an adhesive, therefore the liquid called a “base” perfectly adapts and sticks to the nail plate. After being applied to the nail plate, the hardening reaction starts immediately thanks to the water contained in small amounts in the nail plate, which acts as a catalyst for the reaction. The reaction takes about 30 seconds and during this time the glue and powder or decorations should be brought together. It is also a component of many glues used in manicure, which are used to glue tips or various decorations. Special care is required when working with this agent, because a small amount of it, if it gets into the eye of the client or the person performing the manicure, can lead to quick sticking of the eyelids. Mixtures such as glue that contain ethyl cyanoacrylatecan be dissolved by use of acetone.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • A substance that irritates the eyes,
  • Causes irritation of the respiratory tract,
  • May cause skin allergies and inflammation in prolonged contact
  • Is harmful if swallowed,
  • Very toxic to aquatic organisms.

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Causes serious eye damage when frequently irritated
  • Can lead to genetic defects or cancer if fumes are inhaled frequently

Remedies.

The beautician should use protective glasses and nitrile gloves for their own safety, so that the product does not get into the eye or come into contact with the skin. Its highly recommended to use dedicated absorbers, because, as we know, Ethyl Cyanoacrylate vapors irritate our respiratory tract where the substance enters our body. Most efficient fumes collectors contain an activated carbon filter with thick layer of carbon granules.

First Aid

If the product containing Ethyl Cyanoacrylate gets into the client's eye, do not close the eye lids, and immediately rinse the eyes with plenty of water, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Remove contact lenses if they are worn. Continue rinsing for at least 10 minutes. The victim should also seek medical advice. When the substance enters the respiratory tract, provide the victim with fresh air, consult a doctor if symptoms persist. When gluing the skin surface, do not separate them by force. After soaking in warm soapy water, pry gently. Accidentally stuck lips should be moistened with warm water on the outside and as much saliva as possible on the inside. To release stuck fingers or lips can be used acetone which weaken and finally broke chemical bonds created by cyanoacrylates. Sources:


Sources:

http://yadda.icm.edu.pl/yadda/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-12e964b8-8383-4015-b9a5-78df6d8623c3

https://www.ciop.pl/CIOPPortalWAR/appmanager/ciop/pl?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=P27600224401410431343241&id_czynn_chem=125

https://www.pattex.pl/content/dam/uac/pattex-responsive/poland/movedAssets/pattex/poland/images/products/MSDS/SOS_Super_Klej_Standard_KCH.pdf

https://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/cicad/cicad36_rev_1.pdf

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/ethyl-cyanoacrylate




Hydroxy-ethyl Methacrylate (Hydroxyethyl methacrylate; HEMA) in manicure - action and effect on the body



Hydroxy-ethyl Methacrylate (HEMA) is an active, organic chemical compound that is one of the ingredients of colored UV hardened hybrid varnishes. It is a colorless, viscous liquid that polymerizes or hardens easily under UV light. Due to its building properties and durability, it takes part in the creation of an artificial nail plate and the smoothing out of the resulting defects. It should also be noted that in the uncured form, as a monomer, when in contact with the skin, it will be able to penetrate deep into the body, which can lead to skin allergies. Therefore, it is important not to contaminate the skin around the nail plate when applying the manicure. It should be emphasized that good hardening is very important, because unreacted, unpolymerized particles of small dimensions can still penetrate deeper from the manicure layer through the nail plate. This is because we are dealing with a very reactive substance that will want to react as quickly as possible and this can damage the plate and nail bed, and thus enter our bloodstream and activate the immune system's response, leading to irritation and chronically to allergies. It is important to apply the manicure in thin layers and expose it long enough to UV light for the entire layer thickness to react. As a curiosity, I can add that Hydroxy-ethyl Methacrylate is hydrophobic and begins to swell when it comes into contact with water. Therefore, the polymer can easily absorb water, which can lead to swelling of the nail plate if it got there earlier from an inaccurately hardened manicure.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • When it gets into the eye, it causes irritation and inflammation
  • Skin irritations
  • Allergic conditions

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Severe inflammation of the skin
  • Damage to the nail plate
  • Diseases of the nail plate
  • Cell mutation

Remedies.

It is important to use lamps with a power appropriate for a given product, in accordance with the recommendations of the varnish manufacturer, and a sufficiently long exposure time, because all problems with this ingredient are caused by inaccurate hardening and leaving reactive particles in the manicure layer. For your own safety, the beautician should use nitrile gloves, and in case of allergy, use disposable neoprene rubber gloves.

First Aid

In the event that the product gets into the eye, rinse immediately with plenty of water, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Remove contact lenses, if present. Continue rinsing for at least 10 minutes. The victim should also seek medical advice.


Sources:

https://www.ekologia.pl/wiedza/slowniki/leksykon-ekologii-i-ochrony-srodowiska/polimeryzacja

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/(Hydroxyethyl)methacrylate

https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/product/aldrich/525464?lang=pl®ion=PL

https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/scientific_committees/consumer_safety/docs/sccs_o_214.pdf




Hydroxycyclohexyl Phenyl Ketone in manicure - action and effect on the body



Hydroxycyclohexyl Phenyl Ketone is an organic chemical compound. This ingredient is blend with Urethane Acrylate Oligomer and pigments to create nail varnishes. By combining these two ingredients, we can achieve the intended effect, which is a hard, smooth surface of a colored varnish on our nail plate. Hydroxycyclohexyl Phenyl Ketone is a so-called photoinitiator of the reaction.Each polymerization reaction must be initiated by a so-called initiator, in which case Hydroxycyclohexyl Phenyl Ketone will play this role. Adding it to the mixture will allow the subsequent polymerization of the main component: Urethane Acrylate Oligomer, and this will only occur when the mixture comes into contact with ultraviolet light. It should also be noted that it has a wide range of commercial and biological applications. It is a component of adhesives, plastic bags, sealants, inks and toners, paper chemicals and dyes.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Causes irritation upon contact with the eye
  • May cause skin irritation, allergic conditions

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Toxic to blood cells, especially monocytes
  • Disorders of the endocrine system
  • Breathing problems
  • Cell mutation

Remedies.

Avoid contact with the skin of both the client and the person performing the manicure. Absorbers should be used in the office so that the least amount of harmful vapors can get into the respiratory tract of the client or beautician. It is important that there is good air ventilation in the living room. For your own safety, the beautician should use nitrile gloves, and even a protective mask if there is no professional absorber.

First Aid

In the event that the product gets into the eye, rinse immediately with plenty of water, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Remove contact lenses, if present. Continue rinsing for at least 10 minutes. The victim should also seek medical advice. In the event of a very high concentration of the product in the air, the injured person should be evacuated to fresh air and the patency of the respiratory tract should be checked.


Sources:

https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/PL/pl/product/aldrich/405612

https://affygility.com/oel/hydroxycyclohexyl-phenyl-ketone.html




Mica (Mika) in manicure - action and effect on the body



First, a few words about what this substance is. Latin mica means grain or shine. Well, it is a naturally occurring mineral. It is commonly found in nature in the form of small granite crystals and metamorphic rocks. We can recognize pure Mica by the fact that it is a loose, non-caking powder. It has many varieties from pearl to matte. Adding it to cosmetics prevents them from clumping. It is also a great insulator, and prevents the secretion of excessive amounts of sebum. In addition, it should be noted that it protects the skin by giving it a slightly pearly glow (when we are dealing with pearl mica). It is the ingredient responsible for the clouding of cosmetics and the reflection of harmful UV radiation, thanks to which the preparations have a longer shelf life. Especially often used in cosmetics of "colors", ie powders, shadows, highlighters, lipsticks, foundations. Mica is one of the ingredients of the colored powders used in titanium manicure. It is used alone as a pigment in pearl colors. In other colors, mica is combined with pigments such as iron oxide (shades of red), chromium oxide (shades of green), a mixture of cobalt and alumina (cobalt blue), etc. Depending on the amount and granulation, mica can give the pigment a more or less shiny appearance and the degree of matting. The use of Mica in manicure is safe for our health, provided that we avoid inhaling the dust and protect our eyes. The inhaled dust containing ground mica will accumulate in the lungs, reducing their capacity and the ability to exchange gases. Ground mica has very sharp edges. A particularly coarse sort when it gets into the eye can scratch the eyeball and thus cause irritation. It is recommended to use professional manicure absorbers with good quality dust filters. The ingredient is chemically inert, and if inhaled is avoided, it does not pose a risk of serious disease. It should be emphasized that the product itself does not age and does not cause skin allergies. However, as we well know, Mika does not appear solo in the cosmetic, but is one of the ingredients of the mixture. Therefore, it cannot be said that cosmetics containing this ingredient are 100% safe and will not bring any undesirable effects.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Substance irritating to eyes
  • Difficulty breathing when inhaling dust

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Chronic respiratory diseases

Remedies.

The beautician should wear protective glasses and nitrile gloves for their own safety. Absorbers should be used to prevent the dust in the form of colored powder from being inhaled by the customer or the beautician. Avoid using fans on your desk to keep dust from blowing around the room. You should also take care of proper ventilation in the beauty salon.

First Aid

In the event that the product containing the ingredient Mica comes into the eye, immediately rinse the eyes with plenty of water, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids to remove sharp particles scratching the eyeball. Remove contact lenses, if present. Continue rinsing for at least 10 minutes. The victim should also seek medical advice. However, when it gets into the respiratory tract, the injured person should be moved to fresh air.


Sources:

https://www.poradnikzdrowie.pl/uroda/kosmetyki/mika-dzialanie-i-zastosowanie-mineralu-w-kosmetyce-aa-nP2u-jpbd-obBx.html

https://purobio.com.pl/content/37-mica

http://www.kosmopedia.org/encyklopedia/mica,325/

https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tlenek_żelaza(III)

https://naildesign.pl/msds/pl_abc_akryl_kolor.pdf

http://www.stsberg.pl/_pliki/61162-bsb-mica-reflex-blue-022018,c5.pdf

http://www.igasplc.com/media/29416/MICA-All-Grades-SDS11310.pdf

http://www.makingcosmetics.com/msds/sds-mica-powder.pdf

http://www.rynekfarb.pl/pigment-pigmentowi-nierowny/




Phenyl bis (2,4,6-Trimethylbenzoyl) -phosphine oxide (phenyl bis (2 4 6-trimethylbenzoyl) phosphine oxide) in manicure - action and effect on the body



Phenyl bis (2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl) phosphine oxide from the very name seems to be a very complicated organic compound, but when we enter one of the links below, we can see its very intricate, confusing structure. The way this substance is produced is a series of complex chemical reactions The described ingredient is a free radical photoinitiator in the hybrid varnish. It starts polymerization process under the influence of UV rays. That is, the transformation of a liquid, sticky substance applied on the nail plate into a hard, solid, uniform layer. Light induced polymerization is one of the most efficient methods for the rapid and intensive curing of oligomers. As the name says it is a photoinitiator, that is, until we turn on the UV lamp, the reaction will not take place. Pure phenyl bis (2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl) phosphine oxide is a pale yellow crystal. It is soluble in contact with acetone or toluene.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Causes irritation upon contact with the eye
  • May cause skin irritation, allergic conditions
  • Dyspnea
  • Food poisoning
  • In the natural environment, it can lead to the death of aquatic organisms and more.

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Severe inflammation of the skin
  • Breathing problems
  • Damage to the nail plate
  • Diseases of the nail plate
  • Cell mutation

Remedies.

Electric dust and fumes collector should be used in the salon to prevent harmful dust and vapors from getting into the respiratory tract of the client or beautician. It is important that the work area is well ventilated to ensure comfortable work. For your own safety, the beautician should use nitrile gloves, protective glasses and even a protective mask to minimize the absorption of substances by the body. The product should be applied carefully so that it does not come into contact with the skin, but only with the nail plate.

First Aid

In the event that the product gets into the eye, rinse immediately with plenty of water, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Remove contact lenses, if present. Continue rinsing for at least 10 minutes. The victim should also seek medical advice. In the event of a very high concentration of the product in the air, the injured person should be evacuated to fresh air and the airway patency of the injured person should be checked. Upon contact with the skin, wash the infected area with soap and water. If swallowed, do not induce vomiting, only rinse the victim's mouth with clean water.


Sources:

http://www.molbase.com/en/msds_162881-26-7-moldata-78383.html

https://www.songwon.com/assets/images/contentModelImages/SONGWON_Highlight_Leaflet_Photoinitiators-for-UV-curing-V1.1.pdf

https://www.beilstein-journals.org/bjoc/content/pdf/1860-5397-6-26.pdf




Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA) in manicure - action and effect on the body



Polymethyl Methacrylate, also known as PMMA, is a very common material known as Plexiglas or Metaplex and is most often used as glazing or machine guards and in optics. It has a very good light transmission and good mechanical properties. In manicure, it is generally used in so-called tops as a topcoat. It has a very good gloss and good scratch resistance. In nail dip manicure, Polymethyl Methacrylate is used in the form of a monomer as Methyl Methacrylate, i.e. uncured plastic in the form of a transparent liquid. After being applied to the previous layers of manicure, it reacts with Benzoyl Peroxide contained in the powders, which acts as a catalyst. As a result of this reaction, we obtain a hardened layer of organic glass on the surface of the manicure. It can be described that after hardening, we have Plexiglas on the surface of the nail. Thanks to its use, our nails are perfectly smoothed, small irregularities are concealed. In addition, the nail plate is shiny, thanks to which the titanium manicure looks even better on our hands.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Contact with the liquid may cause allergy in contact with the skin,
  • A substance that irritates the eyes,
  • Flammable, do not use open fire near the product,
  • Irritating to the respiratory system.

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Skin inflammation when prolonged contact with liquid

Remedies.

The beautician should wear protective glasses and nitrile gloves for their own safety. Do not use an open flame, such as lighted candles, in the vicinity of the substance containing this ingredient. Use effective absorbers to eliminate as many flammable and irritating vapors as possible.

First Aid

If the product containing Polymethyl Methacrylate gets into the customer's eye, immediately rinse the eyes with plenty of water, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Remove contact lenses, if any. Continue rinsing for at least 10 minutes. The victim should also seek medical advice. In the event of skin contact with the ingredient, rinse the area with plenty of water. However, when it gets into the respiratory tract, the injured person should be moved to fresh air.


Sources:

https://mfiles.pl/pl/index.php/Poli_(metakrylan_metylu)

https://www.impag.pl/life-science/personal-care/polecamy/details/wielofunkcyjne-modyfikatory-sensoryczne-i-dodatki-tworzace-unikalne-tekstury-kosmetykow/

https://www.britannica.com/science/polymethyl-methacrylate

http://www.hoehnplastics.com/pdf/sds-110-polymethyl-methacrylate.pdf

https://www.cdhfinechemical.com/images/product/msds/37_1325290147_POLYMETHYLMETHACRYLATECASNO9011-14-7MSDS.pdf

https://posshop.pl/blog/pleksi\

http://bazhum.muzhp.pl/media//files/Acta_Universitatis_Nicolai_Copernici_Nauki_Humanistyczno_Spoleczne_Zabytkoznawstwo[...]




Polyurethane Acrylate Oligomer (Polyurethane acrylate oligomer, Di-HEMA-TMHDC.) in manicure - action and effect on the body



Polyurethane Acrylate Oligomer is an organic compound, one of the components of hybrid varnishes used by many manufacturers. It is used as a replacement for Urethane Acrylate Oligomer. It can also be found under the name Di-Hema Trimethylhexyl Oligomer Dicarbamate or abbreviated as Di-HEMA-TMHDC. The described component in combination with UV radiation creates a solid, uniform coating. Thanks to it, the thick liquid in the small bottle hardens, creating a uniform, solid surface on our nail plate. Tests on the effectiveness of curing with a UV lamp have proven that no matter how thoroughly and for how long we cure both HEMA and Di-HEMA-TMHDC, there will always be about 0.1 to 0.4% of unreacted component. Extensive research on the safety of using this substance proves that it can be considered safe if care is taken in applying manicure. Avoid accidental contamination of the cuticles and it is not recommended to perform a "combined manicure", ie applying the preparation under the cuticles. In this case is very difficult to illuminate properly with a UV lamp, which causes insufficient curing. At this point, uncured particles can penetrate the skin causing irritation and, in the long run, allergy. Small amounts of the monomer can also diffuse through the nail plate. It is a very slow process, however, for many months or even years, an amount sufficient to cause allergy can penetrate. Therefore, it is recommended to use an acid-free primer that seals the nail plate for hybrid varnishes containing HEMA and Di-HEMA-TMHDC.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • may cause skin irritation and inflammation
  • less allergenic than HEMA

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • allergies, allergic conditions.

Remedies.

For personnel who want to avoid or observe symptoms of sensitization, it is recommended to use disposable neoprene rubber gloves that significantly better protect against the penetration of HEMA and Di-HEMA-TMHDC. You should also use efficient absorbers in the office so that the dust and odors when removing the hybrid manicure as little as possible gets into the respiratory tract of the client and the manicurist.

First Aid

If the product gets into the eye, rinse immediately with plenty of water, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Remove contact lenses, if any. Continue rinsing for at least 10 minutes. The victim should also seek medical advice.


Sources:

https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/scientific_committees/consumer_safety/docs/sccs_o_214.pdf

https://naildesign.pl/msds/kolor_gel.pdf

https://www.glovex.com.pl/pl/i/Normy-rekawic-roboczych/27




Titanium Dioxide (titanium dioxide, titanium white) in manicure - action and effect on the body



Titanium Dioxide is one of the ingredients of powders used in titanium manicure. In its natural form, it appears as a white powder. The main purpose of using titanium dioxide as an additive to acrylic powder is to increase tensile strength and impact strength, which is of great importance in the case of manicure. The recommended amount of titanium dioxide at mixture for powders used in manicure is about 1%. Titanium Dioxide is used to change color appearance. It make it looks duller, softer and little bit lighter. Thus, mixtures contain Titanium Oxide have a little less vivid colors than without it. It is a substance that does not penetrate the skin, therefore titanium manicure is allowed for pregnant and breastfeeding women. White powder is also a component of other cosmetics such as bronzers, shadows to say, blushers or foundations for various skin types. It should also be emphasized that Titanium Dioxide is an ingredient contained in preparations that protect us against harmful UVA and UVB radiation. It is mainly contained in filters for babies and allergy sufferers. This is another argument that emphasizes that it is completely safe. Additionally, due to its structure, Titanum Dioxide, in addition to covering and protective properties, ensures better adhesion of cosmetics to the skin, it can be said that it acts as a so-called glue. It is worth knowing that titanium dioxide can appear in cosmetics as rutile and anatase. As we can see, Titanium Dioxide is widely used in cosmetics and is a completely safe substance when properly used. However, the undesirable features of titanium dioxide, which usually result from the wrong use of preparations containing this chemical substance, are also worth emphasizing.

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • If swallowed, there is no risk
  • Causes irritation upon contact with the eye

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • Slight skin irritation
  • Dryness of the nasal mucosa and irritation of the respiratory tract Titanium dioxide is not classified thus is not considered a hazardous material.

Remedies.

Avoid blowing preparations, e.g. through fans on the counter or next to the manicure table. Absorbers should be used so that the product in the form of fine dust does not float and is not inhaled by the client and manicurist. As we know, prolonged inhalation causes both nasal mucosa drying and respiratory irritation. It is worth adding that the absorbers also protect our eyes against contact with the powder. The beautician should wear protective glasses and nitrile gloves for their own safety.

First Aid

If the product gets into the eye, rinse immediately with plenty of water, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Remove contact lenses, if any. Continue rinsing for at least 10 minutes. The victim should also seek medical advice. When the room is very dusty, the injured person should be evacuated to fresh air and the airway patency of the injured should be checked. If a person does not breathe, breathes irregularly or when breathing has stopped, qualified personnel should perform artificial respiration or administer oxygen.


Sources:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5429478/

https://www.ekodrogeria.pl/blog/news/faq-dwutlenek-tytanu-w-kosmetykach-czy-jest-szkodliwy

http://tytanpol.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/SDS-Dwutlenek-tytanu-wersja-07_-02072018_pl_zbaezp.pdf

http://www.poch.com.pl/1/wysw/msds_clp.php?A=54981e6968c8d3740001

http://www.lagunaclay.com/msds/pdf/3rawmat/adry/mtidiox.pdf

https://www.psh.ca/MSDS/Titanium%20Dioxide.pdf




Tocopheryl Acetate in manicure - action and effect on the body



Tocopheryl Acetate is a derivative of vitamin E, namely an ester of vitamin E and acetic acid. We can ask why we often use this substance in cosmetics instead of pure vitamin E. The answer is very simple, the ester has a blocked hydroxyl group, which resulting beneficial reduction in acidity and extending the durability of the substance. It also does not grease the plate like pure Tocopherol (vitamin E), which ensures better adhesion of the manicure to the nail plate. The acetate described by us is very slowly hydrolyzed, which allows it to be absorbed by the nail plate and reach the living layer below where it slowly turns into vitamin E. Provides protection against UV radiation. Tocopheryl acetate is a common component of the base used in nail dip manicure to prevent the nail plate from drying out. In addition, it is a factor that inhibits skin aging, ensures its youthful appearance, preventing the rapid multiplication of free radicals. Therefore, Tocopheryl Acetate is often used in creams for mature women. It protects the lipid layer of the skin and against harmful environmental factors as well as regenerates and improves cell renewal. Thanks to its positive use, we can call the nail dip manicure therapeutic, because it will not only improve the appearance of our plate and hyponychium below, but also take care of their health and condition. Vitamin E is often called the vitamin of youth due to its versatile use, although the described ingredient is not its pure form, we can freely call it so, due to the very similar effect. Although the ingredient described by us rarely has any undesirable properties, it is worth noting that it does not appear alone in titanium manicure. It is a component of product mixtures that may cause various side effects, usually resulting from misuse

Short-term exposure, health effects:

  • Very rare cases of allergies have been reported

Long-term exposure, health effects:

  • No negative health effects were found

Remedies.

The beautician should use protective glasses and nitrile gloves for their own safety. Absorbers should be used in a beauty salon, because, as we already know, Tocopheryl Acetate does not appear alone in the base used in nail dip manicure, but in the form of a mixture.

First Aid

In the event that a product containing Tocopheryl Acetate, such as a titanium base, acrylgel or hybrid emulsion, gets into the customer's eye, rinse immediately with plenty of water, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Remove contact lenses, if present. Continue rinsing for at least 10 minutes. The victim should also seek medical advice. When the substance enters the respiratory tract, provide the victim with fresh air, consult a doctor if symptoms persist.


Sources:

https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Octan_tokoferylu

https://www.dermopharma.pl/pl/studio-odnowy/129-octan-tokoferylu

http://www.kosmopedia.org/encyklopedia/tocopheryl_acetate,559/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tocopheryl_acetate

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/alpha-Tocopherol-acetate#section=2D-Structure

https://www.tomsofmaine.com/our-promise/ingredients/tocopherol-acetate

https://cosmeticsinfo.org/ingredient/tocopheryl-acetate




  • »
  • Resources used in the composition of lotions and powders for manicures and their impact on health